Richard e Hill - a Writer's Journal

Blacks in China






African Explorers


From my previous blogs African settlements have been noted as depicted in the logs of explorers i.e. Columbus, Magellan, Cabral, and da Gama as well as artifacts in South America, the Caribbean and Mexico.


Aside from Africa currently being a 107 billion dollar trading partner; there is another link between Africa and China (an excerpt  from an article in Afro Centric World):


Blacks in China  


From West Asia to China the land was occupied predominately by Blacks. The Blacks were forced from East and Southeast Asia by the expansion of the Thai, Annamite, Bak and Hua Mongoloid. The Blacks ruled China until around 1000-700 BC.


Names for the Blacks in China


The Blacks of China were known in the historical literature by many names, including Negro, Austroloid, Oceanean, etc by the Europeans. The East Indians and Mongoloid groups had other names for these Blacks such as Dara. Yneh-chih. Yaksha, Suka ,and K'un-lun. Lushana and Seythians.


The original Black population that lived in China was the Negritos and Austroloid groups. After 5000 BC, Africoid people from Kush in Africa, began to enter China and Central Asia from Iran, while another group reached China by sea. This two-route migration of Blacks to China led to the development of southern and northern Chinese branches of Africoids.


The Northern Chino-Africans were called Kui-shuang (Kushana) or Yueh-chih, while the southern tribes were called Yi and li-man Yueh and Man. In addition to the Yueh tribes along the north east coastal region, they also lived in Turkestand, Mongolia, Transoxiana, the Ili region and Xinjiang province.


IN NORTHERN CHINA the Blacks/Africoids founded many Civilizations. The three major empires of China were the Xia, Dynasty (1900-1700 BC), Shang/Yin Dynasty (1700-1050 BC) and the Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou Dynasty was the first dynasty founded by the Mongoloid people in China.

The Xia and Shang dynasties were founded by Black tribes living in ancient China. The key to understanding Chinese civilization is to remember the fact that both Xia and Shang came from similar ancestors.


In Southeast Asia and southern China, ancient skeletal remains represented the earliest inhabitants to be Austroloids and Negrillo/Negrito. By the beginning of the Present (Holocene) period the population in China could be differentiate, and placed into categories designating Mongoloid in the north, and Oceanic on Black races in the south. Both of these groups evolved out of a common Upper Pleistocene substratum as represented by the Tzu-yang and Liuchian skulls. By at least 2500 BC Africoids of the Mediterranean and West African type entered this areas by way of India. The skeletal evidence from the Shantung and Kiangsu China show the modern Africoid type especially at the initial Qinglien King and Machiabang phases.


The archaeology of southern China is related to the Southeast Asian pattern, with numerous finds of chipped stone of the type found in Szechewan Guangxi, Yunan and in the western part of Guanguung as far as the Pear River delta. The Neolithic culture of southern China as the people parallel southeastern Asian developments. There were several major centers of Neolithic culture in China were pottery and agriculture flourished. In southern China the most well known early Chinese culture was called the Dapenkeng culture of the southeastern coast dating to the 5th millenium BC.


The Dapenkeng sites are characterized by cord-marked pottery. The color of the pottery dating to 4450 BC ranges from buff to dark brown. These folk had large jars and bowls. They made dugout canoes to communicate.


Blacks also founded the Yangshao site at Huang Ho basin in North china. In the southeastern section of China the people at Hupeh and Guangxi made use of artificial irrigation and by terracing of the mountain slopes. They were using bronze.


As in other black societies the woman's were highly esteemed. They also participated in the religion which consisted of worship of a mountain and snake cult.


The Neolithic technology of Blacks in south China, as areas further North was typified by hunting with the bow and arrow. The stone inventories of ancient China include shoulder axes, similar to those found at Ya-an in Sikang, and on the island of Hainan.


The ceramics are characterized by corded red ware. There was also painted pottery, black pottery, and tripod pottery which were later duplicated in bronze. The people practiced single burials.


The pottery inscriptions show that the Southern Chinese already had their own writing system. The writing system of the Shang and Xia Dynasties was developed in the Proto-Sahara. This writing later evolved into modern Chinese script.


The Blacks of southern China, according to Dr. Shun-Shang Ling, in A study of the raft, outrigger, double and deck canoes of ancient China, the Pacific and Indian Ocean, spoke Austronesian languages like the aborigines of Hainan and Taiwan. Here many Dapenkeng sites have been discovered.


Mound Culture

There was an extensive mound culture in China stretching from its plateau in the west to the western coast of the Pacific Ocean, it includes Huang-Huai (the Yellow River and the Huai River) plan of north China and the lower valley of the Yangtse River of central China, these mounds lie in the ancient line of Austronesian habitation. The mounds were occupied when these areas were much warmer than they are now.

The Austronesian people descended from the Yuanshan and Lungshan cultures. In accordance with oral traditions and Chinese Proto-history mounds were invented Huangdi Fuxi. The legendary rulers Tai-Hao and Huangdi were buried in chiu (mounds).

The Chinese mound culture had began around 3000 BC, a thousand years after a similar culture had developed in Africa. One of the most important mound cultures of China was that of Hu Shu. The Hu Shu mounds were man-made knolls called 'terraced sites'. The mounds served as 1) burial places, 2) religious centers, and 3) habitation.

From southern China the Oceanic peoples invaded Northern China, which was mainly inhabited by Australoids and a smallish Negroid-Mongoloid group. Although the Australoids had been the first inhabitants of China, by 1000 BC many of them had been exterminated or absorbed by the taller heavier Mongoloid Bak tribes, that were slowly expanding southward from the north.


By 3000 BC the Negritos were being forced into isolated areas of China by Proto-Saharan blacks. Around the same time the Oceanic people were moving northward from the coastal plains area.



There are numerous articles re: “Black Chinese” on the Internet.



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